C# intervie questions

1. What's the advantage of using System.Text.StringBuilder over System.String? StringBuilder is more efficient in the cases, where a lot of manipulation is done to the text. Strings are immutable, so each time it's being operated on, a new instance is created.
2. Can you store multiple data types in System.Array? No.
3. What's the difference between the System.Array.CopyTo() and System.Array.Clone()? The first one performs a deep copy of the array, the second one is shallow.
4. How can you sort the elements of the array in descending order? By calling Sort() and then Reverse() methods.
5. What's the .NET datatype that allows the retrieval of data by a unique key? HashTable.
6. What's class SortedList underneath? A sorted HashTable.
7. Will finally block get executed if the exception had not occurred? Yes.
8. What's the C# equivalent of C++ catch (…), which was a catch-all statement for any possible exception? A catch block that catches the exception of type System.Exception. You can also omit the parameter data type in this case and just write catch {}.
9. Can multiple catch blocks be executed? No, once the proper catch code fires off, the control is transferred to the finally block (if there are any), and then whatever follows the finally block.
10. Why is it a bad idea to throw your own exceptions? Well, if at that point you know that an error has occurred, then why not write the proper code to handle that error instead of passing a new Exception object to the catch block? Throwing your own exceptions signifies some design flaws in the project.
11. What's a delegate? A delegate object encapsulates a reference to a method. In C++ they were referred to as function pointers.
12. What's a multicast delegate? It's a delegate that points to and eventually fires off several methods.
13. How's the DLL Hell problem solved in .NET? Assembly versioning allows the application to specify not only the library it needs to run (which was available under Win32), but also the version of the assembly.
14. What are the ways to deploy an assembly? An MSI installer, a CAB archive, and XCOPY command.
15. What's a satellite assembly? When you write a multilingual or multi-cultural application in .NET, and want to distribute the core application separately from the localized modules, the localized assemblies that modify the core application are called satellite assemblies.
16. What namespaces are necessary to create a localized application? System.Globalization, System.Resources.
17. What's the difference between // comments, /* */ comments and /// comments? Single-line, multi-line and XML documentation comments.


Author: ranjith21 Apr 2010 Member Level: Silver   Points : 2

3) What is a Class Library in .NET?
Ans: Class library is the another major entity of the .NET Framework. This library gives the program access to runtime environment. The class library consists of lots of prewritten code that all the applications created in .NET aware languages and Visual Studio .NET will use. The code for all the elements like forms, controls and the rest in VB .NET applications actually comes from the class library.

Code in class libraries may be shared & reused. One of the core . NET libraries is mscorlib.dll. .NET language compilers reference this library automatically as it contains core types. A class library, contains types, that may be used by external applications. A class library may be a DLL or an EXE. Note that the .NET class libraries, even though have a same extension as the old COM Win32 binaries, yet they are very different internally.
4) Explain Managed code, managed class and managed data in .NET
Managed Code - The .NET framework provides lots of core runtime services to the programs that run within it. For example - security & exception handling. Such a code has a minimum level of information. It has metadata associated with it. Such a code is called Managed Code. VB.NET, C#, JS.NET code is managed by default. In order to make C++ code managed, we make use of managed extensions, which is nothing but a postfix _gc after the class name.

Managed Data - Data that is allocated & freed by the .NET runtime's Garbage collecter.

Managed Class - A class whose objects are managed by the CLR's garbage collector. In VC++.NET, classes are not managed. However, they can be managed using managed extentions. This is done using an _gc postfix. A managed C++ class can inherit from VB.NET classes, C# classes, JS.NET classes. A managed class can inherit from only one class. .NET does'nt allow multiple inheritance in managed classes.
5) What is an assembly in .NET? What is ILDASM?
Assembly - An assembly may be an exe, a dll, an application having an entry point, or a library. It may consist of one or more files. It represents a group of resources, type definitions, and implementation of these types. They may contain references to other assemblies. These resources, types & references are compacted in a block of data called manifest. The manifest is a part of the assembly, which makes it self-describing. Assemblies also increase security of code in .NET. An assembly maybe shared(public) or private. The assembly, overall comprises of 3 entities: IL, Manifest, Metadata. Metadata describes IL, whereas Manifest describes the assembly.

An assembly may be created by building the class(the .vb or .cs file), thereby producing its DLL.

ILDASM - The contents of an assembly may be viewed using the ILDASM tool, that comes with the .NET SDK or the Visual Studio.NET. The ildasm.exe tool may also be used in the command line compiler.

Author: Ketan shinde06 Sep 2010 Member Level: Silver   Points : 1

Nice information.
1) what are the content in Assembly?
- Assembly manifest
- Type metadata
- MSIL Code
- Resource files.

ILDASM- Intermediate Language Disassembler to view the content of Assembly.

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