Understanding Table Names

When selecting the name for a table, make it something short but descriptive of the data the table will contain. You will want to keep the name short since you will be typing it in SQL statements that work with the table's data. Keeping the name descriptive will make it easy to remember which table has what data, especially in a database system with many (perhaps hundreds) of tables. If you are working on a personal or departmental database, you normally have carte blanche to name your tables whatever you wish—within the limits imposed by your DBMS, of course. SQL does not specify that table names begin with a certain letter or set of letters. The only demand is that table names be unique by owner.

If you are working in a large, corporate wide, shared database, your company will probably have some restrictions on table names to organize the tables by department (perhaps) and to avoid name conflicts. In a large organization, for example, tables for sales may all begin with "SALES_," those for human resources might begin with "HR_," and those for customer service might start with "SERVICE_." Again, SQL makes no restrictions on the table names other than they be unique by owner—a large company with several departments may want to define its own set of restrictions to make it easier to figure out where the data in a table came from and who is responsible for maintaining it.



In order to create a table, you must be logged in to the SQL DBMS, and your username must have authorization to use the CREATE TABLE statement. Once you are logged in to the DBMS, the system knows your username and automatically makes you the owner of any table you create. Therefore, if you are working in a multi-user environment, the DBMS may indeed have more than one table named CUSTOMER—but it has only one CUSTOMER table owned by any one user. Suppose, for example, that DBMS users Karen and Konrad each create a CUSTOMER table. The DBMS will automatically adds the owner's name (by default, the table owner is the user ID of the person creating the table) to the name of the table to form a qualified table name that is then stored in the system catalog. Thus, Karen's CUSTOMER table would be stored in the system catalog as KAREN.CUSTOMER, and Konrad's table would be stored as KONRAD.CUSTOMER. As such, all of the table names in the system catalog are still unique even though both Konrad and Karen executed the same SQL statement: CREATE TABLE CUSTOMER.

When you log in to the DBMS and enter an SQL statement that references a table name, the DBMS will assume that you are referring to a table that you created. As such, if Konrad logs in and enters the SQL statement SELECT * FROM CUSTOMER, the DBMS will return the values in all columns of all rows in the KONRAD.CUSTOMER table. Likewise, if Karen logs in and executes the same statement, the DBMS will display the data in KAREN.CUSTOMER. If another user (Mark, for example) logs in and enters the SQL statement SELECT * FROM CUSTOMER without having first created a CUSTOMER table, the system will return an error, since the DBMS does not have a table named MARK.CUSTOMER.

In order to work with a table created by another user, you must have the proper authorization (access rights), and you must enter the qualified table name. A qualified table name specifies the name of the table's owner, followed by a period (.) and then the name of the table (as in .

). In the previous example, if Mark had the proper authorization, he could type the SQL statement SELECT * FROM KONRAD.CUSTOMER to display the data in Konrad's CUSTOMER table, or SELECT * FROM KAREN.CUSTOMER to display the contents of Karen's CUSTOMER table. You can use a qualified table name in an SQL statement wherever a table name can appear.


Comments

Author: ChandraShekar Thota03 Jan 2009 Member Level: Gold   Points : 0

Good one


Chandrashekar Thota(Editor, MVP)




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