Automation of Office

Automation has defined as the entire field of investigation, design, development, application and methods of rendering or making processes or machines self acting or self moving.

Automation implies self regulating processes. The main object of automation is continuous flow of information without or minimum human intervention. The beginning is made by designing the various types of accounting equipments which facilitate sorting, recording, tabulating and printing information for billing and preparation of accounts purposes.

Lot of information is needed by the management to control the operations and to take various decisions. The automation in the office helps in providing efficient and detailed information through computer etc.

Automation provides for speedy recording, processing and presentation of information. Increase in load of work, scarcity of time and slow manual processes necessitated automation.

Automation helps in reducing errors and produces quality of work. Manual work may produce errors or inaccurate results but there are less changes of errors in case of computers. It is in an office adds to prestige and treated as status symbol. It increases goodwill of the firm and reputation in the eyes of general public.

The main Advantages of automation are:
1. Replacing human operators in tasks that involve hard physical or monotonous
2. Replacing humans in tasks done in dangerous environment.
3. Performing tasks that are beyond human capabilities of size, weight, speed,
endurance etc.
4. Economy improvement, Automation may improve in economy of enterprises,
society or most of humanity.

Effects of Automation:

1. Unemployment
2. Huge Investment
3. Unsuitable for Small Firms
4. Change in Organizational Structure


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