Client Side Validation with JavaScript in ASP.NET

This simple program will guide how to do client side validation of Form in JavaScript.

In this just make a form as follows:

1. Name : <asp:TextBox ID="txtName" />
2. Email : <asp:TextBox ID="txtEmail" />
3. Web URL : <asp:TextBox ID="txtWebUrl" />
4. Zip : <asp:TextBox ID="txtZip" />
5.

<asp:Button ID="btnSubmit" OnClientClick=" return validate()" runat="server" Text="Submit" />

Now on the source code of this form in script tag write the following code:


<script language="javascript" type="text/javascript">
function validate()
{
if (document.getElementById("<%=txtName.ClientID%>").value=="")
{
alert("Name Feild can not be blank");
document.getElementById("<%=txtName.ClientID%>").focus();
return false;
}
if(document.getElementById("<%=txtEmail.ClientID %>").value=="")
{
alert("Email id can not be blank");
document.getElementById("<%=txtEmail.ClientID %>").focus();
return false;
}
var emailPat = /^(\".*\"|[A-Za-z]\w*)@(\[\d{1,3}(\.\d{1,3}){3}]|[A-Za-z]\w*(\.[A-Za-z]\w*)+)$/;
var emailid=document.getElementById("<%=txtEmail.ClientID %>").value;
var matchArray = emailid.match(emailPat);
if (matchArray == null)
{
alert("Your email address seems incorrect. Please try again.");
document.getElementById("<%=txtEmail.ClientID %>").focus();
return false;
}
if(document.getElementById("<%=txtWebURL.ClientID %>").value=="")
{
alert("Web URL can not be blank");
document.getElementById("<%=txtWebURL.ClientID %>").value="http://"
document.getElementById("<%=txtWebURL.ClientID %>").focus();
return false;
}
var Url="^[A-Za-z]+://[A-Za-z0-9-_]+\\.[A-Za-z0-9-_%&\?\/.=]+$"
var tempURL=document.getElementById("<%=txtWebURL.ClientID%>").value;
var matchURL=tempURL.match(Url);
if(matchURL==null)
{
alert("Web URL does not look valid");
document.getElementById("<%=txtWebURL.ClientID %>").focus();
return false;
}
if (document.getElementById("<%=txtZIP.ClientID%>").value=="")
{
alert("Zip Code is not valid");
document.getElementById("<%=txtZIP.ClientID%>").focus();
return false;
}
var digits="0123456789";
var temp;
for (var i=0;i<document.getElementById("<%=txtZIP.ClientID %>").value.length;i++)
{
temp=document.getElementById("<%=txtZIP.ClientID%>").value.substring(i,i+1);
if (digits.indexOf(temp)==-1)
{
alert("Please enter correct zip code");
document.getElementById("<%=txtZIP.ClientID%>").focus();
return false;
}
}
return true;
}
</script>

And in code behind file just write the below code.

Protected Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Me.Load
btnSubmit.Attributes.Add("onclick", "return validate()")
End Sub


Comments

Author: Jagadevi basawaraj28 May 2008 Member Level: Silver   Points : 2

What is ClientID ?

Author: Ashwini Rajpurohit17 Jun 2008 Member Level: Bronze   Points : 1

This was really very helpful for me in my project...the only thing missing is the validation for valid date..if u can please add it also

Author: Dotnet Developer-201501 Sep 2010 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 1

hi komaladevi
excellent copy then paste this site
http://www.c-sharpcorner.com/UploadFile/purankaushal/103222006013805AM/1.aspx

Author: faizulla09 Mar 2015 Member Level: Bronze   Points : 2

this code works fine in one page

for other page i have to write # insted of = in get by element id
can any one help to find out the diffrence between (#) and (=).
in our project we are using springs.