Send Mail with Attachments using Gmail


Posted Date:     Total Responses: 0    Posted By: Mrs. Meetu Choudhary Nanda   Member Level: Gold   Points/Cash: 10   


Sending Mails with attachments using Gmail

Many times I came across the question that how can we send mails with some files as attachments and in continuation do we reaky need to buy some domain of our's to send mail or there is a domain using which we can send mails using gmail or yahoo or hotmail accounts. so the answer. So I decided to write this article which will help in solving the above quest.

Let answer First the above questions and then we will code how to send mails with attachments.
Question : Do we need our own domain to send mails?
Answer : No we do not necessarily need our own domain to send mails. Gmail
provides us free pop service and yahoo, hotmail and other mail engines charge for the service. Rather if we have our own domain that would be a benefit.
Question : Can we send files as an attachment?
Answer : Yes we can and even any extension of file can be send as attachment if server allows that as Gmail do not allow to send exe files rest you can send pdf,html,doc etc. any.
Question : Some Times our code is perfectly fine still we are not able to send mails ether we get error failed to send or could not connect to the server what may be the reasons?

Answer : The Reasons is very simple that we have some firewalls or the anti
virus installed on the system which prevents us to do so Specially Mac Fee prevents us sending the mails by blocking the port. The
Remedies is just off the antivirus for some time and then try sending the mail.

Requirements:

Development Machine Requirements
  1. Dotnet installed on the system VS2005 or above The Downloadable version comes for VS2008
  2. Files to attach with the mails
  3. Anti-Virus off while debugging the application
Client Side Requirements
  1. Dotnet Framework 2.0 or above in which the application is made
  2. Browser to run the Application
  3. Anti-Virus off while executing the application

Now lets start developing the application

  1. Create a web application with the name "SendMailWithAttachment". You can even use any name of your choice I am using this for my example.
  2. Add The Following code in the body tag of the Default.aspx page to genrate an interface for the aplication.
    <%@
    Page Language="C#"
    AutoEventWireup="true"
    CodeBehind="Default.aspx.cs"
    Inherits="SendMailWithAttachment._Default"
    %>


    <!DOCTYPE
    html PUBLIC
    "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">


    <html
    xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"
    >


    <head
    runat="server">


    <title>Send
    Mail Using Gmail Account With Attachments</title>
    </head>
    <body>
    <form id="Form1" method="post" runat="server">

<table borderColor="#339933" cellSpacing="0" cellPadding="4" width="55%" align="center" border="1">
<tr>
<td>
<table cellPadding="4" width="70%" align="center" border="0"> <tr bgColor="#339933"> <td align="center" colSpan="2"><asp:label id="lblHeader" Runat="server"
Font-Bold="True">Gmail Account Details for Sending Mails</asp:label></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td vAlign="middle" align="right" width="40%">Username:</td> <td
vAlign="middle" width="60%">
<asp:TextBox
ID="txtUserName" runat="server" Font-Names="Verdana" Font-Size="X-Small"
Width="350px"></asp:TextBox>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td vAlign="middle" align="right" width="40%">Password</td> <td
vAlign="middle" width="60%">
<asp:TextBox
ID="txtPassword" Font-Names="Verdana" Font-Size="X-Small"
Width="350px" runat="server" TextMode="Password"></asp:TextBox>
</td>
</tr>
<tr bgColor="#339933"> <td align="center" colSpan="2"><asp:label id="Label1" Runat="server"
Font-Bold="True">SMTP
Mail with Attachment</asp:label></td>

</tr>
<tr>
<td vAlign="middle" align="right" width="40%">From :</td> <td vAlign="middle"
width="60%"><asp:textbox id="txtSender"
tabIndex="1" runat="server" Font-Names="Verdana" Font-Size="X-Small"
Width="350px"></asp:textbox></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td vAlign="middle" align="right">To :</td>
<td><asp:textbox id="txtReceiver" tabIndex="1"
runat="server" Font-Names="Verdana"
Font-Size="X-Small"
Width="350px"></asp:textbox></td>

</tr>
<tr>
<td vAlign="middle" align="right">Cc :</td>
<td><asp:textbox id="txtCc" tabIndex="1" runat="server"
Font-Names="Verdana" Font-Size="X-Small"
Width="350px"></asp:textbox></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td vAlign="middle" align="right">Bcc :</td>
<td><asp:textbox id="txtBcc" tabIndex="1" runat="server"
Font-Names="Verdana" Font-Size="X-Small"
Width="350px"></asp:textbox></td>
</tr> <tr>
<td vAlign="middle" align="right">Subject :</td>
<td><asp:textbox id="txtSubject" tabIndex="2" runat="server" Font-Names="Verdana" Font-Size="X-Small"
Width="350px"></asp:textbox></td>

</tr>
<tr>
<td vAlign="middle" align="right">Format :</td>
<td><asp:radiobuttonlist id="rblMailFormat" tabIndex="3"
runat="server" repeatcolumns="2" repeatdirection="Horizontal">

<asp:ListItem Value="Text" Selected="True">Text</asp:ListItem>
<asp:ListItem Value="HTML">HTML</asp:ListItem>
</asp:radiobuttonlist></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td vAlign="middle" align="right">Message :</td>
<td height="84"> <p><asp:textbox id="txtBody"
tabIndex="4" runat="server" Font-Names="Verdana" Font-Size="X-Small"
columns="40" rows="5" textmode="MultiLine" width="350px"></asp:textbox></p> </td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td vAlign="middle" align="right">Attachment :</td><td><input id="inpAttachment1" tabIndex="5" type="file" size="53" name="filMyFile" runat="server"></td> </tr>
<tr>
<td vAlign="middle" align="right">Attachment :</td>
<td><input id="inpAttachment2" tabIndex="6" type="file"
size="53" name="filMyFile" runat="server"></td>

</tr>
<tr>
<td vAlign="middle" align="right">Attachment :</td>
<td><input id="inpAttachment3" tabIndex="7" type="file"
size="53" name="filMyFile" runat="server"></td>

</tr>
<tr>
<td align="center" colSpan="2"><asp:button id="btnSend"
tabIndex="9" runat="server" width="100px" text="Send" onclick="btnSend_Click"></asp:button></td>

</tr>
<tr>
<td align="center" colSpan="2"><asp:Label ID="lblMessage"
Runat="server"></asp:Label>

</td>
</tr>
</table>
</td> </tr> </table>
</form>
</body>
</html>


  1. The Default.aspx will now look like:
  2. Now Let us code for the Functionality double Click on the button and the event handler is genrated for the buttonclick
    Before we start the code for the event let us include some namespaces:
    1. using System.Net.Mail;
    2. using System.IO;
    3. using System.Drawing;

      Here is the code for the button event. The code is having inline commets to explain the meamning of each line.

using System;
using
System.Collections.Generic;
using
System.Linq;
using
System.Web;
using
System.Web.UI;
using
System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using
System.Net.Mail;
using
System.IO;
using
System.Drawing;

namespace SendMailWithAttachment
{
public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page
{
protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
}
protected void btnSend_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{

try
{
/* Create a new blank MailMessage with the from and to
adreesses*/

MailMessage mailMessage = new MailMessage txtSender.Text,txtReceiver.Text);
/*Checking the condition that the cc is empty or not if
not then * include them
*/

if (txtCc.Text != null && txtCc.Text != string.Empty)
{
mailMessage.CC.Add(txtCc.Text);
}
/*Checking the condition that the Bcc is empty or not
if not then
* include them
*/

if (txtBcc.Text != null && txtBcc.Text != string.Empty)
{
mailMessage.Bcc.Add(txtBcc.Text);
}
//Ading Subject to the Mail
mailMessage.Subject = txtSubject.Text;
//Adding the Mail Body
mailMessage.Body = txtBody.Text;
/* Set the properties of the MailMessage to the
values on the form as per the mail is HTML formatted or plain text */

if (rblMailFormat.SelectedItem.Text ==
"Text")
mailMessage.IsBodyHtml = false;
else
mailMessage.IsBodyHtml = true;
/* We use the following variables to keep track of
attachments and after we can delete them */

string attach1 = null;
string attach2 = null;
string attach3 = null;
/*strFileName has a attachment file name for
attachment process. */

string strFileName = null;
/* Bigining of Attachment1 process & Check the first open file dialog for a attachment */
if (inpAttachment1.PostedFile != null)
{
/* Get a reference to PostedFile object */
HttpPostedFile attFile = inpAttachment1.PostedFile;
/* Get size of the file */
int attachFileLength = attFile.ContentLength;
/* Make sure the size of the file is > 0 */
if (attachFileLength > 0)
{
/* Get the file name */
strFileName = Path.GetFileName(inpAttachment1.PostedFile.FileName);

/* Save the file on the server */
inpAttachment1.PostedFile.SaveAs(Server.MapPath(strFileName));
/* Create the email attachment with the uploaded file
*/
Attachment attach = new
Attachment(Server.MapPath(strFileName));
/* Attach the newly created email attachment */
mailMessage.Attachments.Add(attach);
/* Store the attach filename so we can delete it later
*/
attach1 = strFileName;
}
}
/* Attachment-2 Repeat previous step defiend above*/
if (inpAttachment2.PostedFile != null)
{
HttpPostedFile attFile = inpAttachment2.PostedFile;
int attachFileLength = attFile.ContentLength;
if (attachFileLength > 0)
{
strFileName = Path.GetFileName(inpAttachment2.PostedFile.FileName); inpAttachment2.PostedFile.SaveAs(Server.MapPath(strFileName));
Attachment attach = new Attachment(Server.MapPath(strFileName));
mailMessage.Attachments.Add(attach);
attach2 = strFileName;
}
}
/* Attachment-3 Repeat previous steps step defiend above*/
if (inpAttachment3.PostedFile != null)
{
HttpPostedFile attFile = inpAttachment3.PostedFile;
int attachFileLength = attFile.ContentLength;
if (attachFileLength > 0)
{
strFileName = Path.GetFileName(inpAttachment3.PostedFile.FileName); inpAttachment3.PostedFile.SaveAs(Server.MapPath(strFileName));
Attachment attach = new Attachment(Server.MapPath(strFileName));
mailMessage.Attachments.Add(attach);
attach3 = strFileName;
}
}
/* Set the SMTP server and send the email with attachment */
SmtpClient smtpClient = new SmtpClient();
// smtpClient.Host = emailServerInfo.MailServerIP;
//this will be the host in case of gamil and it varies from the service provider
smtpClient.Host = "smtp.gmail.com";
//smtpClient.Port = Convert.ToInt32 emailServerInfo.MailServerPortNumber);
//this will be the port in case of gamil for dotnet and
it varies from the service provider

smtpClient.Port = 587;
smtpClient.UseDefaultCredentials = true;
//smtpClient.Credentials = new
System.Net.NetworkCredential(emailServerInfo.MailServerUserName,
emailServerInfo.MailServerPassword);

smtpClient.Credentials = new System.Net.NetworkCredential(txtUserName.Text, txtPassword.Text);
//this will be the true in case of gamil and it varies
from the service provider

smtpClient.EnableSsl = true;
smtpClient.Send(mailMessage);
/* Delete the attachements if any */
try{

if (attach1 != null)
File.Delete(Server.MapPath(attach1));
if (attach2 != null)
File.Delete(Server.MapPath(attach2));
if (attach3 != null)
File.Delete(Server.MapPath(attach3));

}
catch{}
/* clear the controls */
txtSender.Text = string.Empty;
txtReceiver.Text = string.Empty;
txtCc.Text = string.Empty;
txtBcc.Text = string.Empty;
txtSubject.Text = string.Empty;
txtBody.Text = string.Empty;
txtUserName.Text = string.Empty;
/* Dispaly a confirmation message to the user. */
lblMessage.Visible = true;
lblMessage.ForeColor = Color.Black;
lblMessage.Text = "Message sent.";
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
/* Print a message informing the user about the exception that was risen */
lblMessage.Visible = true;
lblMessage.ForeColor = Color.Red;
lblMessage.Text = ex.ToString();
}
}
}
}

Download code from here





Thanks and Regards

Meetu Choudhary

My Blog My Web My Forums



Project Feedbacks

Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 1 out of 5
superb work ...thanks a lot


Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 2 out of 52 out of 5
Hi Meetu Choudhary

Nice application created by you, keep it up ..........


Thanks & Regards

Amit Chaudhary


Author: Member Level: SilverRevenue Score: 1 out of 5
Please send project E business auto marketing using dotnet technologies
for academic.........



Author: Member Level: SilverRevenue Score: 1 out of 5
very good work neetu thanks for this.
you are great..


Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 2 out of 52 out of 5
Hi Meetu,
Loved your post. Really nice work. Keep it up. Expect lot of more good work from you. Can you please send me abstract for it as soon as possible. My e-mail id is karan_manu1@hotmail.com


Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 1 out of 5
very nice project,, really


Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 2 out of 52 out of 5
best code for sending mail but please tell me if want to send mail from yahoo login what port no are to be used


Author: Member Level: GoldRevenue Score: 1 out of 5
Hi Meetu Choudhary,

very nice work... keep it up!
Still expects a lots from you..




Author: Member Level: GoldRevenue Score: 1 out of 5
Hi Meetu Choudhary,

very nice work... keep it up!
Still expects a lots from you..




Author: Member Level: GoldRevenue Score: 1 out of 5
Hi Meetu Choudhary,

very nice work... keep it up!
Still expects a lots from you..




Author: Member Level: GoldRevenue Score: 1 out of 5
Hi Meetu Choudhary,

very nice work... keep it up!
Still expects a lots from you..




Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 2 out of 52 out of 5
Hello Mam,
the project is really nice.Can you mail me the complete code and documentation at nishant492@gmail.com asap.
It would really help me a lot mam.
Thanks



Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 2 out of 52 out of 5
Hi Meetu,

Thanks for you detailed explanation, It helps a lot to all the beginners like me...
Keep posting.........



Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 1 out of 5
hi meethu,
its really good!!


Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 1 out of 5
Hi Meethu,

very good to start off with these type of things...thankx Meethu




Author: Member Level: BronzeRevenue Score: 1 out of 5
Hi Meetu Choudhary,

very nice work... keep it up!
Still expects a lots from you..


Author: Member Level: GoldRevenue Score: 1 out of 5
hi meetu, it was really a nice and useful post.


Author: Member Level: GoldRevenue Score: 1 out of 5
Good work Meethu


Author: Member Level: GoldRevenue Score: 2 out of 52 out of 5
Hi,
Its really nice. I would like learn such type of things.

It will be greatful for me to send the files.

Thanks
Siva Sreenath


Author: Member Level: SilverRevenue Score: 2 out of 52 out of 5
Hi Meethu,

Thanks for your detailed explanation. very useful to clear all doubts about send mail.


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