|#299802 Author: Perin Member Level: Silver Member Rank: 0 Date: 24/Sep/2008 Rating: Points: 1|
sql trancation means
atomicity ,consistancy, isolation, durablty
|#299833 Author: Sherrie Member Level: Silver Member Rank: 1919 Date: 24/Sep/2008 Rating: Points: 6|
SQL-Transaction Statements control transactions in database access. This subset of SQL is also called the Data Control Language for SQL (SQL DCL).
There are 2 SQL-Transaction Statements:
COMMIT Statement -- commit (make persistent) all changes for the current transaction
ROLLBACK Statement -- roll back (rescind) all changes for the current transaction
A database transaction is a larger unit that frames multiple SQL statements. A transaction ensures that the action of the framed statements is atomic with respect to recovery.
A SQL Modification Statement has limited effect. A given statement can only directly modify the contents of a single table (Referential Integrity effects may cause indirect modification of other tables.) The upshot is that operations which require modification of several tables must involve multiple modification statements. A classic example is a bank operation that transfers funds from one type of account to another, requiring updates to 2 tables. Transactions provide a way to group these multiple statements in one atomic unit.
In SQL92, there is no BEGIN TRANSACTION statement. A transaction begins with the execution of a SQL-Data statement when there is no current transaction. All subsequent SQL-Data statements until COMMIT or ROLLBACK become part of the transaction. Execution of a COMMIT Statement or ROLLBACK Statement completes the current transaction. A subsequent SQL-Data statement starts a new transaction.
In terms of direct effect on the database, it is the SQL Modification Statements that are the main consideration since they change data. The total set of changes to the database by the modification statements in a transaction are treated as an atomic unit through the actions of the transaction.
|#300713 Author: Venkatesh Murali Member Level: Gold Member Rank: 290 Date: 26/Sep/2008 Rating: Points: 6|
A transaction is a sequence of operations performed as a single logical unit of work. A logical unit of work must exhibit four properties, called the ACID (Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, and Durability) properties, to qualify as a transaction:
Atomicity: A transaction must be an atomic unit of work; either all of its data modifications are performed or none of them is performed.
Consistency: When completed, a transaction must leave all data in a consistent state. In a relational database, all rules must be applied to the transaction's modifications to maintain all data integrity. All internal data structures, such as B-tree indexes or doubly-linked lists, must be correct at the end of the transaction.
Isolation: Modifications made by concurrent transactions must be isolated from the modifications made by any other concurrent transactions. A transaction either sees data in the state it was in before another concurrent transaction modified it, or it sees the data after the second transaction has completed, but it does not see an intermediate state. This is referred to as serializability because it results in the ability to reload the starting data and replay a series of transactions to end up with the data in the same state it was in after the original transactions were performed.
Durability: After a transaction has completed, its effects are permanently in place in the system. The modifications persist even in the event of a system failure.