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  • Category: .NET

    how to make a PDF from and xsl FO file

    can any one having the idea of genrating the PDF file from a XSLFO file.

    Anil Pandey
  • #270512
    Libraries like iText,PDFBox are some of the best libraries available for PDF creation and manipulation. But these libraries have its disadvantages. One such disadvantage is templating the PDFs you create. In a enterprise where reports (PDF files) are generated automatically and routed to work-flows or stored in content management repositories. These reports follow an enterprise level style and pattern which can be reused, can change and will require proper management. Hardcoding styles and formats of reports into your application can cause lots of issues in future. That's when XSL-FO and Java (or other language) come into picture. In this article I will introduce XSL-FO and Apache FOP.

    Let me intoduce XSL-FO first. XSL-FO stand for Extensible Stylesheet Language Formatting Objects and is a language for formatting XML data. It was initially part of the XSL W3C recommendation. So W3C has come up with XSLT for transforming XML documents and XSL-FO for formatting. XSL-FO documents are XML files that contain information about the output layout and output contents. But they do not specify the content type of the output. This output can be any document type; all you need is a transformation library that transform the XSL-FO to the appropriate content. In this article I will make use of Apache FOP, which is part of Apache XML Graphics Project.

  • #270514
    Here is a sample XSL-FO file. Like any other XML file, its starts with XML declaration:

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?><fo:root xmlns:fo=""><fo:layout-master-set> <fo:simple-page-master master-name="A4"> <fo:region-body margin="2cm" /> <fo:region-before/> </fo:simple-page-master></fo:layout-master-set><fo:page-sequence master-reference="A4"> <fo:flow flow-name="xsl-region-body"> <fo:block>Hello World!</fo:block> </fo:flow></fo:page-sequence></fo:root>The element is the root element of XSL-FO document. contains one or more template pages and master-name attribute specify the name for the template. elements describe the page contents. contents are not directly placed, they are placed inside a flow which in turn hold block. Each block can hold the data that is displayed. For further details please go through the tutorial.

  • #270516
    Have a look at the Java application to transform a simple XSL-FO document into PDF.
    OutputStream outputPDF = new BufferedOutputStream(new FileOutputStream("hello.pdf"));FopFactory ff = FopFactory.newInstance();Fop fop = ff.newFop(MimeConstants.MIME_PDF, outputPDF);TransformerFactory factory = TransformerFactory.newInstance(); Transformer transformer = factory.newTransformer();Source src = new StreamSource(new File(""));Result res = new SAXResult(fop.getDefaultHandler());transformer.transform(src, res);

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